The Redesigning of Saiban City, Lahore

IIED visiting fellow Arif Hasan explores various planning alternatives for Saiban City.

High density housing that works for all

An IIED opinion paper presenting the views of study leader Arif Hasan

Planning for high density in low -income settlements

A longer working paper in which the leading researchers present the results in summary form

The full Karachi report

Which provides a more comprehensive but less polished account of the study.

The Fragmentation of Urban Footprints: Global Evidence of Sprawl, 1990-2000

The fragmentation of the built-up area cities by the open spaces interpenetrating them is a key attribute of urban-sprawl, and sprawl as fragmentation, as distinct from sprawl as lower-density development, is now a universal feature of cities.